Mount Mulligan mine disaster in Australia 1921, these cable drums were blown 50 feet (15 m) from their foundations following a coal dust explosion
A mining accident is an accident that occurs during the process of mining minerals. Thousands of miners die from mining accidents each year, especially in the processes of coal mining and hard rock mining. Most of the deaths nowadays occur in developing countries, especially China and rural parts of developed countries.
Mining accidents can have a variety of causes, including leaks of poisonous gases such as hydrogen sulfide [ 1 ] or explosive natural gases, especially firedamp or methane. [ 2 ] dust explosions. collapsing of mine stopes. mining-induced seismicity. flooding, or general mechanical errors from improperly used or malfunctioning mining equipment (such as safety lamps or electrical equipment). Use of improper explosives underground can also cause methane and coal-dust explosions.
Worst mining disaster in history [ edit ]
19th century [ edit ]
20th century [ edit ]
- March 10, 1906: Courrieres mine disaster in Courrieres. France. 1,099 workers died, including children, in the worst mine accident in Europe.
- December 1, 1907: Naomi Mine Explosion in Fayette City, PA. 34 workers died.
- December 6, 1907: Monongah Mining Disaster in Monongah, WV. Official death toll is 362, but due to inadequate record keeping, the true death toll could be around 500. [ 6 ] Victims were mostly Italian immigrants. including children. Considered the worst coal mining accident in American history.
- December 19, 1907: Darr Mine Disaster in Rostraver Township, PA. 239 workers died, including children.
- November 13, 1909: Cherry Mine Disaster in Cherry, IL. 259 workers, some as young as eleven, died. The worst mine fire by deaths in America.
- October 14, 1913: Senghenydd Colliery Disaster. the worst Mining accident in the United Kingdom, 439 workers died.
- October 22, 1913. Dawson Stag Mountain
Mine Disaster, near Dawson, New Mexico, [ 7 ] where 263 workers were killed due to illegal use of dynamite.
- 1927–1932: Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster. near Gauley Bridge. West Virginia, United States. Over several years, 476 workers died from silicosis.
- April 26, 1942: Benxihu Colliery disaster in Benxi. Liaoning. China. 1,549 workers died, in the worst coal mine accident ever in the world.
- August 8, 1956: Bois du Cazier disaster in Marcinelle. Belgium. A fire in the mines resulted in 262 casualties; of the 274 people working in Bois du Cazier on that morning, only twelve survived. Most of the victims were Italian immigrants.
- 1960: Coalbrook, South Africa. 437 died.
- 9 May 1960: Laobaidong colliery coal dust explosion Datong. China, 682 died.
- 9 November 1963: Mitsui Miike Coal Mine disaster Mitsui Miike. Omuta, Fukuoka. Japan, 458 died. [ 8 ]
- May 28, 1965: Dhanbad coal mine disaster took place in Jharkhand. India. killing over 300 miners.
- October 21, 1966: Aberfan disaster was a catastrophic collapse of a colliery spoil-tip that occurred in the Welsh village of Aberfan, killing 116 children and 28 adults.
- November 20, 1968: Farmington Mine Disaster in Farmington, WV. 78 workers died. As a result of the disaster, the U.S. Congress passed the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 .
- 1972: Wankie coal mine disaster Wankie. Rhodesia /Zimbabwe. 426 fatalities.
- 21 March 1973: Lofthouse Colliery disaster. West Yorkshire. England. seven fatalities.
- July 19, 1985: Val di Stava dam collapse took place in the village of Stava, near Tesero. Italy. when two tailings dams used for sedimenting the mud from the nearby Prestavel mine, failed. It resulted in one of Italy's worst disasters, killing 268 people, destroying 63 buildings and demolishing eight bridges.
- May 9, 1993: Nambija mine disaster. Nambija, Ecuador. Approximately 300 people were killed in a land slide